"The Brazilian government has demonstrated, again, that science has diplomatic to 'save UN conferences' ", quips adviser Forum Climate Change and Social Justice.
Check out the interview.
"Such is the assent of almost all governments to the idea that there would be another way to promote economic development beyond capitalism, and that, hence, would be the natural existence and worsening social inequalities, as well as the progress was inevitable and 'productive consumption' on natural assets, que toda a pressão da Dome of the people não os atingiu em quase nada de suas convicções e responsabilidades”. A análise é de Ivo Poletto e foi expressa na entrevista a seguir, granted by email to IHU On-Line.
Popular educator and pastoral advisor and social movements, Poletto participou da Dome of the people e acompanhou através da impressa a realização da Rio 20, in which, he said, “não significou avanço nem mesmo para o que desejavam as grandes corporações do capitalismo globalizado; para a humanidade, ela piorou um pouco o que já estava ruim há muito tempo”. For ele, o documento final da Rio 20 é composto de “afirmações gerais simpáticas ao que se tem denominado ‘economia verde’, mas não estabelece nada de concreto”. E dispara: “O governo brasileiro tentou introduzir algo novo nos espaços de diálogo com organizações da sociedade civil. Pelo visto, however, it has not produced new fruits, NGOs already present in Rio 20 chegaram to propose, or require, that, front of the fragility and lack of concrete commitments, was removed the reference to civil society in Final Document of the Conference”.
The failure of the conference to develop, Poletto emphasizes that "the Summit Outcome, even being insufficient in relation to the wealth of the labors of the people and movements Summit, serves as confirmation of critical incisiveness and the requirement of new practices by participants ".
Ivo Poletto It philosopher and theologian. Worked during the first two years of the Squid as adviser to the Zero Hunger Program and was the first executive secretary of the Pastoral Land Commission - CPT. E autor of, among others, Brazil, missed opportunities - My two years in Lula (Rio de Janeiro: Garamond, 2005).
Check out the interview.
IHU On-Line - How do you evaluate the Rio 20 and also the People's Summit? What are the advances and challenges in relation to sustainability?
Ivo Poletto - Participated only the Dome of the people. So my evaluation of Rio 20 is based on what I heard from people who were there and it was published in electronic media. My assessment is that: she did not even advance meant for large corporations wishing to globalized capitalism; para a humanidade, it worsened somewhat what was already bad long.
The final document of Rio 20 contains general statements sympathetic to what has been called "green economy”, but does not establish anything concrete. No progress toward commitments and agreements absolutely necessary to address the social and ecological crises that humanity is. This makes the statements in relation to overcoming poverty and the pursuit of sustainable development does not pass, again, of intent no practical effect, nothing more than advice or not that will be welcomed by governments alone, almost entirely, came and went without showing willingness to do something qualitatively new.
In contrast to this government apathy, participants Dome of the people expressed, many ways, who are convinced that the future of humanity and Earth is nothing blue to continue being determined by globalized neoliberal capitalism. Also made clear that states and international institutions are not subject to capitalism and not mediation will be able to implement structural change and civilizational needed to address the crises that affect all life forms on the planet. Given this, insisted that the peoples and social movements to mobilize the mission awareness and willingness of most humans, making the exercise of their citizenship strength can require new forms of production, consumption, government and coexistence between people and people, along with new forms of coexistence with Earth.
IHU On-Line - You can see some novelty in the two meetings?
Ivo Poletto - The Brazilian Government tried to introduce something new spaces for dialogue with civil society organizations. Pelo visto, however, it has not produced new fruits, NGOs already present in Rio 20 chegaram to propose, or require, that, front of the fragility and lack of concrete commitments, was removed the reference to civil society inFinal Document Conference. In the most, only activities even more explicit and almost shameless marketing and lobbying of large companies, especially the most polluting, as the complex responsible for almost "oil civilization" - now all "sustainable" and "green", and entitled to demand advances toward "green economy”.
In Dome of the people, worth mentioning the presence and role of indigenous peoples, peasants and women, movements certainly carrying more defined and bold proposals. The presence of new movements, as National Movement of People Affected by Disasters Socioenvironmental - monads, Summit for bringing the voice of suffering skin and pay with the lives of family, kin, neighbors, the effects of climate change, aggravated by warming caused by emissions of greenhouse gases just by the companies responsible for the maintenance of the capitalist system, seeking endless economic growth at any cost.
It is also worth highlighting the bold decision to hold Assemblies of Peoples, that makes Dome of the people a space of articulation global civil society different from World Social Forum.
IHU On-Line - Despite all the civil society mobilization, concentrated in the Peoples' Summit, Heads of State received criticism for producing a final text without goals. What is the social manifestations of political intervention in the decision making? Such manifestations which have political impact?
Ivo Poletto - Such is the assent of almost all governments to the idea that there would be another way to promote economic development beyond capitalism, and that, hence, would be the natural existence and worsening social inequalities, as well as the progress was inevitable and "productive consumption" on natural assets, que toda a pressão da Dome of the people not reached in almost nothing of his convictions and responsibilities. Prefer, for obvious reasons, listen and accept proposals from entrepreneurs and their technical advisors.
This perception has not had an adequate response in Dome of the people. The insensitivity of everything that is state - including the UN - should have a search as more generous counterpoint of unity between the sociopolitical forces that want and demand practices and structural transformations, moving toward establishing itself as Summit or Permanent Peoples' Assembly - Mediation permanent joint global initiatives alternatives to capitalist market, drafting proposals also global alternatives and feasibility of worldwide mobilizations able to demand the necessary changes at all levels of human life and coexistence with Earth. But, for different reasons, which should be subject to critical reflection, entities responsible for organizing the Summit avoided even propose to House of Peoples this possibility. And humanity still walk without realizing this dream, expanding joint sectoral, mediation without a democratically constituted to connect and make sense to them unitary.
IHU On-Line - As the central themes of Rio 20: green economy, global governance and poverty reduction were discussed at the Summit of the Peoples?
Ivo Poletto - Thousands of self-organized workshops and seminars, as well as the Plenary Assemblies of Convergence and the Peoples, these three themes were certainly the most strikingly analyzed and criticized. And many were prepared proposals for alternative action, based on existing practices. The Summit Outcome, even being insufficient in relation to the wealth of the labors of the people and movements Summit, serves as confirmation of critical incisiveness and the requirement of new practices by participants.
On the other hand, with other forms of expression - slogans, tracks, flags, Balloons, songs, dances, role plays etc.. –, in March not on day 20 June, where more than 50 thousand people demonstrated in the center of Rio de Janeiro and was an expression of global mobilization called by Dome of the people, Complaints were made about the irresponsibility and irrationality of stubbornness to move forward with a way of life, production and consumption that attacks all forms of life on Earth and life itself. And the alternatives were made public already produced by people, along with the general call in favor of building the new world needed.
IHU On-Line - What was the message of civil society in relation to environmental issues and sustainability?
Ivo Poletto - It was clearer than ever that the social and environmental areas are faces of the same reality - and this will deepen the closeness between indigenous movements and environmental movements, social movements, feminist and other. Hence the Dome deepened perspective that care about the environment of life must go together with the care of one's life. And it is sustainable which ensures that the Earth can continue offering a balanced and healthy environment for life and that humans have necessary to lead a dignified life.
Another strong message from civil society free of large companies and governments is this: there is no possibility of balance environmental much less true sustainability if mankind continue subjected and dominated by capitalism. There is direct contradiction between the pursuit and imposition of economic growth without limits and without end and finitude and limitations of the environment created by the Earth. Therefore it is impossible that there is a society with social and environmental justice while is kept as natural and untouched almost absurd concentration of wealth in few hands, and while some people, they are not even 20% population terrestrial, continue demanding as natural consuming more than 80% of all forms of energy and goods produced on the planet. The ideological proposal that each person becomes rich, capitalist and country look to reach the levels of consumption that are rich today is absolutely impossible, for two main reasons:
(1) because capitalism has in its DNA the necessity of the existence of those concentrates wealth in the form of capital, increasing their power to exploit workers, he wants to survive costing you as little as possible, so your profit is greater;
(2) because, of all forms, if that happened, unbalance the Earth to such an extent that warming and climate change become impossible the continuation of human life on this planet.
For all that, the central message of Dome of the people has been self awareness and call people andmovements para assumirem a responsabilidade de multiplicar o que já é feito por eles na direção da construção de formas não ou pós-capitalistas de produzir, consuming, thinking, -is politically organized, to live with the Earth as a living being that human beings themselves are part. In other words, assume the mission of advancing the practice of another form of civilization, both as concrete search for a new way of living and as a sum of sociopolitical forces able to claim that all humanity and their governments abandon capitalism and support the construction of truly human societies, Seated in social and environmental justice, forms of socialization in increasingly deep and radical.
IHU On-Line - How does the Brazilian media coverage made by the People's Summit?
Ivo Poletto – É evidente o boicote da grande mídia, identified with the proposals and attempts by large corporations to make up with the "green solution" of the damage and crises generated by them and the way of life necessarily consumerist also promoted by them. Of all forms, however, demonstrations, especially gait in central avenues of the city of Rio de Janeiro, served to force some space in these private companies news.
Even with some limits, the commission's communication Dome of the people conseguiu presença marcante nos meios eletrônicos de comunicação. And here she was reinforced by communication initiatives of social movements themselves. Pelo que tenho percebido e foi justificado publicamente na primeira House of Peoples, did not work direct transmission from Summit activities through Summit TV - and it was really a loss. JA Rádio Dome, although at various times threatened, able to accomplish its task communication.
Por ter estado envolvido nas Summit activities, I have no information to assess the international media coverage.
IHU On-Line - How does the preparation and conduct of the Zero Draft of the Brazilian government at the conference?
Ivo Poletto – Pode-se dizer que, again, "The mountain gave birth to a mouse". It's amazing that try to justify such a document without anything serious and effective, knowing that it is the result of numerous international meetings, in which millions of dollars have been spent. For mankind, would have been much better to simple confession that governments failed to reach any agreement, and that this is due to the fact that there are governments of rich countries do not want to assume their responsibilities, especially now that they are involved in the rescue of banks and countries buried in debt - and want to continue doing, to increase the debt of banks in relation to public resources and to increase the debt of States in relation to banks!
The Brazilian government has demonstrated, again, that science has diplomatic to "save UN conferences". As in other opportunities, before the impasse, reveal that the failure, diplomats and the president herself Dilma entraram em campo para redigir e aprovar um documento que todos podiam aprovar por não exigir nada, not signify any concrete commitment. É por isso que o governo federal e a grande mídia se esforçam para dizer que o valor do documento aprovado é manter em aberto até 2014 the possibility that governments reach the necessary agreements to address the social and environmental crisis that deepens the planet. Believe who you want.
IHU On-Line - What can I expect after Rio 20?
Ivo Poletto – Sendo realista, mas admitting always be questionado, I must make it clear that I see no possibility of progress while decisions remain restricted to governments and delighted identified with capitalism, and the governments that serve to capitalism for not believing in any alternative promotion Life. This is why, in another article, have suggested that people - and preferably all - by torcessem Dome of the people: only with the advancement of practical alternatives to capitalism, in all fields of life, na do perspective Living Well indigenous peoples, you can move forward in the construction of the new world, and this will be, at the same time, the possibility of political force capable of putting governments in the service of the rights of all people and the environment of life, freeing them from capitalist domination.
Source: Institute Humanitas Unisinos